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FENU: Experience and Achievements towards Research University Status - Буклет двгу на английском языке издание 200...



^ FENU: Experience and Achievements towards Research University Status


In Russia, it was difficult to accumulate material resources and facilities because of historical and legislative factors. In the beginning 1990's Far Eastern National University decided that integration of fundamental science and education would be the priority for its development and designed an approach to provide resources to scientific research in the university.


This approach was based on integration of university divisions and institutions of the Russian Academy of Science, where traditionally all fundamental sciences were concentrated. This approach unified scientific personnel and resources of the Russian Academy of Science and the educational potential of the university.

This experience could become a successful model for research universities in Russia.


The key step for further development of scientific research at FENU became participation in the principal federal programs “Government support for integration of higher education and fundamental science in 1997-2000” and “Integration of science and higher education of Russia in 2002-2006”. In 1996 the Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Science and FENU received the 4th (by size) grant from these programs and became the leading winner for rewarded projects (62% of submitted projects).


The product of this cooperation is the number of scientific-educational divisions of FENU and academic institutes, such as the Academy of Ecology, Marine Biology, and Biotechnology, the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, the Institute of Environmental Sciences, the School of Physics and Engineering, the Institute of Russian Language and Literature and others.


Actually it was a new approach to organize scientific research in the university and the educational process. Leading scientists became involved in activities of unified divisions. From the very beginning of their studies students have an opportunity to plunge into real scientific research; it makes the study more profound and purposeful. The Scientific Council of FENU and the Presidium of Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Science jointly manage the activities of these divisions.


But a traditional university does not become a research university just because students participate in scientific research and scientists participate in the educational process. It is necessary to reorganize its infrastructure to develop modern multidiscipline research. Marine Biota Research and Education Center (REC) is a very successful example for the model of such reorganization.


In 1999, the Russian Ministry of Education and United States Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF) announced a $1,000,000 grant for a scientific-educational center in Natural Science. Out of 89 applicants FENU and two more universities won grants. Chemistry and Biology Schools became the foundation for Marine Biota REC. Marine Biota REC is also a demonstration of cooperation between fundamental sciences in overcoming the interdepartmental barrier. The Marine Biota REC experience became a new model for further development.


This model was used later to create a system of Research and Education Centers, among them: Earth Physics, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology, Information Technologies and Optoelectronics, and Medical Physics.


The model of Research and Education Centers is different from traditional cooperation in fundamental science. REC is independent of school structure; it can bring together different departments and laboratories of different schools and institutes of the university within research projects. Laboratories of the same

department may become part of different RECs. Still the university keeps its traditional organization as any REC does not require strict subordination of the divisions involved.


This approach became successful and useful for modern technological purposes so FENU used it

to create innovative subdivisions. FENU and the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Science (FEBRAS) founded the Innovative Technological Center in Marine Sciences for managing joint projects and developing technologies for exploring the World Ocean. Management of the project is a professional staff of FENU and FEBRAS. In the future such centers will become the foundation for the university R&D parks.


Another successful application of this model is the Biology R&D park, a joint project of TINRO Center (Pacific Scientific Research Fishery Center), and two fishing companies, Preobrazheny Fishing Fleet and Preobrazheny Fish Processing Company, with support of administrations of Primorsky Krai and Lazovsky District. The goal of the project is to develop a multi-purpose complex that includes marine and freshwater aquaculture, reproduction of marine resources, fish processing and product supply to the domestic and foreign markets.


FENU is developing many branches of science, both natural and social and applying the same model to research in Social Studies.


In 2001 the university received a grant from the program “Government Support for Scientific-Technical Politics of Higher School and Development of its Scientific Potential” sponsored by several organizations: the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the Institute for Advanced Russian Studies (USA), the Moscow Public Scientific Fund, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.


More than forty Russian universities applied and FENU became one of five winners. As a result FENU founded the Far Eastern Interregional Institute of Social Studies. The Institute studies development of intellectual and professional resources of the Russian scientific community, renders individual support to social researchers, and promotes assimilation of Russian scientists into the world scientific community. Projects of these institutes brought together both social studies and natural science divisions and schools.


The infrastructural changes involved integration of the Russian Academy of Science into educational process. More than 190 scientists of the Russian Academy of Science teach students and postgraduates of FENU; among them are 6 Academicians, 7 Corresponding Fellows of the Russian Academy of Science, 60 Doctors of Science, and 130 PhD’s. Annually 50 -70 foreign professors and famous scientists of Russia contribute to the educational process. Multiple-use facility centers created by FENU and FEBRAS provide lecture and laboratory space.


These changes increased the quality of scientific research of FENU. At present the number of FENU publications in leading scientific journals exceeds the number of publications of all other universities of the Russian Far East. According to the international database Science Citation Index, FENU annually publishes 65% of all the publications of universities of the Russian Far East; it competes with leading scientific institutes of FEBRAS.


Additional proof of FENU 's success as a research university is the financing of its scientific research; 95% comes from competitive grants. Independent experts gave high evaluation to the university practice for development of scientific research and integration of science and education.


In 2002 FENU was one of the first Russian universities to receive national accreditation as a scientific organization according to the Russian Federal Law “About Science and National Scientific-Technical Politics.”


In 2006 FENU was the only university in the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia to win a grant for an innovative educational program of the national project “Education”. Among 17 awarded universities, FENU received the third largest grant. The total grant was 1,198.4 million rubles including extra financing. The entire amount was used for modern high technological laboratory equipment.


In 2007 the Russian Government rewarded FENU for the quality of its product and service, and effective management of quality. During 2005-2007 FENU received many regional, Russian and international awards.


By 2009 FENU has created a professional, infrastructural and equipment foundation for research universities and its research has reached the level of leading research universities. FENU is first in line to be the Far Eastern National Research University.


^ FENU as the Center of Scientific-Innovative Development for Pacific Russia


One of the goals of Russian geopolitics is development of Russian territories and their integration into internal and external political and economic processes. In this regard, the Russian Far East, especially Primorsky krai occupies a special place. It is far from mainstream Russia but it is close to Japan, the Republic of Korea, China and other countries of the north Pacific, centers of the world's high technological industry.


While Pacific countries develop their economies intensively, the Russian Far East risks becoming only their raw materials supplier. The territory of the Russian Far East is distant from the seat of government, its economic relationship with European Russia is weak, its industry is mainly mining and fishery, its technological lag is growing, the mobility of its population is low and migration of employable population is increasing.


Social, cultural and economic development of the Russian Far East mainly depends upon the educational level of specialists able to work independently in fields of innovative technology and innovative activities of universities and the cultural environment formed by universities. In this regard, a federal university as a scientific-educational center will be a key factor for sustained development for Eastern Russia.


A federal university is the center for training specialists as well as the center for innovative development and fundamental scientific research as a basis for high technology.


Characteristics of the Russian Far East fix priority sciences and directions for fundamental and applied research. The following are four strategic directions of development for the region:


1. Initiation and development of new technologies for exploring and exploitation of marine resources. This will force the development of energy, mining and processing industries, pharmaceutical production and fisheries.


The most promising might be geological research and surveys of the ocean, such as exploration for gas-hydrates, seeps of hydrocarbons and hydrogen sulfide and metal ores; mapping and surveys of the ocean floor; forecast of natural cataclysms and climate change; environmental monitoring; hydraulic engineering, oil platform and pipeline engineering; and evaluation of biodiversity, biological and mineral resources for further processing and mariculture and processing of marine resources.

2. Developing and launching a nanotechnologies industry by training specialists for scientific research and application of nano-materials and nanotechnologies in an innovative economy of the Russian Far East.


In nanotechnologies, multidiscipline research has special importance from structure and physical-chemical characteristics of products to the creation of bioorganic substances for nanotechnology use in biochemistry, medicine, chemistry, and material science. It will develop new scientific-technological directions, such as nano-biotechnology (the branch of nanotechnology with biological and biochemical applications or uses) and

nanomedicine (medical application of nanotechnology).


3. Research in Oriental Studies and International Law will turn FENU as a federal university into one of the main elements for protection geopolitical interests of Russia in the Pacific Rim.


The strategic directions for social studies are: training specialists for solving legal problems for security of Russia and Pacific countries; research of linguistic and cultural impacts in the development of humanitarian and economic relations between Pacific countries; development of new concepts in social-politic ideas of the Pacific countries; and language interaction within cross-cultural communication of the Pacific countries.


^ 4. Promoting Russian language and Russian Culture to Pacific countries.


As a federal university FENU will become a regional center of Russian language study for foreigners. Export of educational services, new FENU branches abroad and international on-line programs will expand the Russian language into countries of the region. Promoting Russian culture through FENU activities will strengthen mutual understanding and security in the Pacific countries and increase investment attractiveness in the Russian Far East.


For rapid adoption of technologies into industry, FENU plans a research and development park (R&D Park) with a business school. Laboratories and RECs will be offered for joint use with companies and government. These structures will concentrate material and personnel resources for promotion of modern scientific research into high technological industries plus train their future engineers and managers in the Russian Far East.


Another goal of FENU as a federal university is development of international scientific research and to provide educational services to the international market. To reach this goal it is necessary to increase academic mobility of students, integrate teachers and scientists into the world’s educational network and obtain international recognition for university programs.


For foreign citizens and Russian expatriates, FENU as a federal university will develop international on-line programs, new branches abroad and export educational services and technologies. FENU will also become the center for teaching Russian as a foreign language and exporting Russian culture into Pacific countries.

So FENU as a federal university will form an entire scientific-educational and cultural network.


For transforming FENU into federal university, the following steps are needed:

  1. Acquire scientific and technological equipment for the FENU R&D Park and RECs

  2. Accumulate material resources

  3. Create social and engineering infrastructure for developing innovative technological centers for nanotechnologies, information technologies, biotechnologies, medicine and social studies merged into RECs

  4. Develop experimental productions and high technology business structures.


The key part of FENU infrastructure is the construction of a new university campus which includes new faculty and teaching buildings, an International Education Center, dormitories, teacher residences, R&D Park buildings, a Sport and Recreation Center, and a Student Activity Center. A university campus provides character, determines quality of educational and scientific activity of the university and forms a cultural and innovative scientific and educational environment.


The world has seen many different approaches to creating a university campus; the approach depends upon the social function of the university. There are two main types of campuses – traditional or collective universities and modern campuses. Collective universities descend from the English system of higher education created for private education. These universities provide profound fundamental education for classic sciences: philosophy, literature, history and natural science.


Modern university campuses appeared at the end of the 20th century when industry flourished and required a great number of specialists. Therefore, the main goal of these universities was to attract a lot of students. Modern universities have strong connections to businesses and develop their programs according to demands of business and industry. These universities have short terms of studies and a strong focus of self study.


Collective universities have a number of advantages. These universities keep tradition as a foundation for the stable quality of education. They create a special environment for strong personal relationships of alumni of different generations. As a result, the university diploma substantiates the quality of fundamental education; its alumni are devoted to their intellectual community for many years and provide professional support to all its members. This characteristic from the traditional university is so important that many new educational institutions try to create a similar environment.


But in our modern age, a traditional university also has some disadvantages. First, location in the central or historical part of a city restricts further development of the university so any change causes organizational difficulties and extra budgeting. Second, scattered university infrastructure in different locations impedes development of multidiscipline activity.


Modern university campuses solved these problems by planning where administrative buildings, faculty and teaching buildings, dormitories and residencies are located in one or several campuses close to each other. Campuses might be different by purpose and/or use: education, science, and/or technology.


Often university campuses are located in rural areas or in the outskirts of large cities providing easy opportunity for further development of university infrastructure. But these universities do not maintain traditions and their educational programs targets short term studies and a limited number of specialties demanded by local businesses. This reduces the quality of education.


FENU considers creating a modern university with advantages from both types. It will be possible if a new university is built on the intellectual foundation of FENU as it exists, the oldest classic university in the Russian Far East.


For mass training of highly qualified personnel, FENU’s existing buildings are not enough. Today’s FENU campus will not allow the modern infrastructure development required for integrated education, although it might save money, maintain some traditions and remain close to the historical center of Vladivostok. FENU as a federal university requires the creation of a new campus away from the city.


Near Vladivostok there is an excellent location for a modern yet classic university campus - Russian Island not far from the historical center. Finance resources are budgeted for developing infrastructure on the island for the 2012 APEC Summit; later this infrastructure can become part of the federal university. Open lands of Russian Island are a vast field for activities of the Pacific Science and Education Center which includes FENU as a federal university and the institutes of Russian Academy of Science. This complex will harmonize with Russian Island's landscape and nature.


Construction of such campus will accelerate the development of a new innovative scientific educational environment. With FENU’s status change to a federal university, it will also become the foundation for intellectual development of society and an environment for creating and adopting technologies of the future. It will create a breakthrough for social economic development of the region and thrust Russia into the group of leaders of the high tech economy in the Pacific Rim.


C160-161


^ FENU Strategic Development Program for 2009-2025


Chronology of Activities

Strategic Areas of Research and Education Development

FENU’s Place in the National Development Strategy and the Federal Universities System

Program Activities

Phases of FENU Development as a Federal University

Target Indicators

FENU’ R&D Park

Innovation and Technology Centers

Impact of FENU as a Federal University

Infrastructure of the FENU’s Russian Island Campus, 2012-2025


C162


^ FENU Strategic Development Program for 2009-2025


According to request of the Russian Government in May 2008, FENU created a program of its strategic development as a federal university.


The aim of this Program is developing comprehensive research university of the top tier world class, closely interacting with economy and social life of the Russian Far East, promoting breakthroughs in innovative development and contributing to new quality of life in the whole region.


The Program has the following objectives:



FENU President, Vladimir I. Kurilov, initiated preliminary work which received support from prominent statesmen and members of Russian federal government.

On September 1, 2008 during a meeting with FENU students, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said:

“Far Eastern National University will become the foundation of a federal university with technical resources at a new level, including its modern campus on Russian Island.”


“… we will require the highest and the most modern technology for this project”


“… we will provide much funding for it. I must say, that earlier, at least in our recent history of Russia, we never spent so much money for such projects, 300 billion rubles”


“ … we demand that this university should become more than an educational institution – it should be an intellectually dominant in the Russian Far East. It should be a center of attraction. It should be the engine for development of the Russian Far East. But not only for Russia – it will be a leading educational and scientific center in the Pacific Rim and the entire World.”


C163


Диаграмма:


Functional Zones of FENU Russian Island Campus


Надписи на диаграмме:


The project was signed by Vladimir Putin in January 2008.


Tourism & Recreation Zone


Business and Social Zone


Russian (Russkiy) Island


The infrastructure of the campus should be adequate to accommodate over 50,000 students and over 7,000 participants of the APEC 2012 Summit.


FENU Water Stadium (с указателем на бухту Новик)


The bridge to downtown Vladivostok


Main academic zone of FENU campus, APEC 2012 location


Primorsky Aquarium Research and Education Center (Sea Park), Seashore Wild Life Park


(указатель на коммунальную зону убрать)


Federal University Status: Chronology of Activities


Подпись к фото на стр. 167:


First Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation Igor Shuvalov, Deputy Minister for Regional Development Nikolai Ashlapov, and FENU President Vladimir Kurilov at the site of Russian Island Campus, February 2009.



Late 1990’s


During this period FENU entered the rank of the best Russian universities, founded many schools combining research and education, began to fulfill national tasks for training specialists, promoting Russian education and science in the Pacific Rim. The University considerably contributed to social and economic development of the Russian Far East. The ability of FENU to complete these tasks was limited by rather limited government financing.


Nevertheless, the university used its own resources for creating a foundation which later became the main factor in its success.


The resulting equipment and facility base became the framework for developing a wide range of scientific and educational research, such as exploring marine biota, oriental studies, international management and other branches of research and education.


2005


FENU President Vladimir I. Kurilov submitted a proposal on creating a federal university on the base of FENU. This proposal was initially submitted to the Governor of Primorsky Krai, Sergey Darkin. The proposal was supported by the Governor and referred to the Government of the Russian Federation.


2005


During his first visit to Russian Island, Vladimir Putin, then President of Russia, offered the idea of transforming the projects of the APEC Summit into federal university property thus providing for a double purpose.


2006-2007


FENU won large budget federal grants proving that FENU is a top candidate for the federal university status.


In 2006 FENU received the Quality Award in a contest initiated by the Russian Government. In 2007 the Russian Government awarded FENU again for the quality of its product and service, and effective quality management. In 2007 FENU became a winner of a large scale federal grant program for nanotechnology development. The university received financing for constructing and equipping the building for the Institute of Scientific Information - Fundamental Library, which has become one of the most advanced libraries in Russia.


From a grant for its innovative educational program of the “Education” national project, FENU renovated 95% of its laboratory equipment.


Within the grant for its innovative educational program, FENU opened 49 new undergraduate and graduate programs and 36 new application-oriented laboratories. The grant project was completed in December 2007 and affected the position of the Federal Government on the FENU federal university status.


January, 2008


FENU President V.I. Kurilov, supported by the FEBRAS President V.I. Sergienko, made a presentation of the federal university project to Oleg Safonov, the Presidential Representative for the Far Eastern Federal District, who provided support and further promoted the project.


January 15, 2008


Vladimir Putin, President of Russia, approved area plans for APEC Summit infrastructure. This plan defined locations for the scientific-educational complex, including federal university campus, the R&D park of FEBRAS, the Aquarium, the wilderness park and others.


March 6, 2008


Oleg Safonov, the Presidential Representative for the Far Eastern Federal District, reported the project of creating a federal university to Vladimir Putin, President of Russia. President Putin assigned the task to Prime Minister of Russia, V. Zubkov with directions “to support and implement.”


March - April 2008


According to the Federal Government requests of March 16, 2008 and April 7, 2008, as well as to the Russian Federation President’s Order s of December 12, 2007 and March 6, 2008, FENU developed and presented the "Concept of Far Eastern Federal University Development."


May 6, 2008


FENU President Kurilov assigned the initial project of technical feasibility for a federal university campus to the Russian Institute of Urban Development and Investment Development (GIPROGOR), project leader for infrastructure construction for the APEC Summit. During the meetings in Moscow on May 6 and May 8, the working group approved the project of technical feasibility for further detailed development.


May 7, 2008


On the day of his inauguration, Dmitry Medvedev, President of Russia, signed his first five acts, including “Federal Universities Act” № 716. This Act directed the Russian Government to develop a detailed project of Far Eastern Federal University. According to this Act, the Russian Government requested Far Eastern National University to prepare the concept of its strategic development as a federal university.


May 8, 2008


In his speech to the State Duma of Russia Vladimir Putin as a candidate for Prime Minister, supported the proposal to construct the APEC Summit infrastructure as a campus of Far Eastern Federal University.


May 22, 2008

FENU President Kurilov presented the Concept for FENU Development as a Federal University to the Council of University Presidents of Primorsky Krai. The Council approved the concept.

May 28, 2008


The Russian Government held a meeting of the National Project “Education” Interdepartmental Working Group to access the potential of a federal university network and concepts for their foundation. Presidential Aide Arkady Dvorkovich presided at the meeting. Three institutions made presentations: Far Eastern National University (FENU), Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys, and Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). FENU President Kurilov presented "The Concept of FENU Development as a Federal University". The Concept was approved by the participants of the meeting. The results of the discussions were used for further development of the FENU Strategic Development Program.


May - June 2008


On a request of the Russian Government, FENU prepared the FENU Strategic Development Program as a Federal University (2008 – 2015)".


June, 19 2008


The FENU Strategic Development Program as a Federal University (2008 – 2015) was discussed and approved by FENU University Council. Later that day the Program was submitted to the Government of the Russian Federation.

June 23 2008


Minister of Science and Education of Russia, A. Fursenko, presented the FENU Strategic Development Program as a Federal University and the Federal Universities Law draft to the Federal Government Presidium. Both documents were approved by the Government.


July 3, 2008


The project team for APEC Summit infrastructure reviewed drafts of the new campus developed by six national and international project companies. The group adopted the resolution of developing a master plan combining the best ideas of all six drafts.

July 15, 2008


GIPROGOR Director for Russia and Ukraine, D. Mazo, presented the drawings of university campus construction to the project team for APEC Summit infrastructure. The project team made the decision to complete architectural planning for 2012 APEC Summit infrastructure (Campus Phase 1) in short terms.

July 23, 2008


The Minister of Science and Education of Russia submitted the Federal Universities Law draft to the State Duma of Russia.

July 24, 2008


In Moscow Engineering Physics Institute President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, presided at the meeting for development of a network of Research and Education Centers in Russia. Participants in the meeting were presidents of the universities under consideration to be federal universities; FENU President Kurilov was one of them. In his speech President Medvedev stressed, “Today the decision is made for founding a federal university in the Russian Far East…”


August 4, 2008


At Russian Government Presidium meeting, Prime Minister Putin said:


“The Federal Program of the Russian Far East and Zabaikalye Region Strategic Development should be amended with planned activities and outcomes related to the APEC Summit in Vladivostok and development of a federal university in the Russian Far East. We plan to create a new educational and research center based on the new infrastructure for the APEC Summit.


So we have to implement two large projects at the same time. The APEC Summit infrastructure has to be effectively used for further development of the university and the entire region. I mean region because without creating powerful new intellectual centers it is impossible to reach our goal: development of the Russian Far East and Siberia.


Extra federal financing to implement the program is more than 100 billion rubles, I stress “extra”. Forty billion rubles will be spent only for construction of university infrastructure before 2011. The total budget of the program is more than 200 billion rubles; 203 billion is the exact amount.


There should be a new type of university which combines science and education. Construction of several research centers and a modern campus for students and teachers will be its start. This intellectual center will become a dominant factor for the Russian Far East and Siberia as well as for the entire Pacific region. It is not easy, but we can do this.


This project will be impossible to implement without a firm material and technical foundation. So those goals must be addressed first. But simultaneously, we must consider the Program for developing the existing university; so the faculty development, educational programs and research equipment renovation should match the construction of new buildings”


August 25, 2008


Decision № 644 of the Government of the Russian Federation, “ Amendment to the Federal Program of the Russian Far East and Zabaikalye Region Strategic Development through 2013” was released. This Decision approved construction of the Phase 1 federal university campus at Russian Island with a budget 50 billion rubles.


September1, 2008


Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin opened the Day of Knowledge in FENU, visited FENU’s exhibition of achievements in Science and Education, and met with students, young teachers and scientists of FENU.


During the visit Prime Minister Putin was accompanied by Dmitry Kozak, Russian Regional Development Minister, Andrey Fursenko, Minister of Science and Education of Russia, Oleg Safonov, the Presidential Envoy of the Far Eastern Federal District, Evgeny Butko, Deputy Head of the Federal Agency of Education, and Sergey Darkin, Governor of Primorsky Krai.


FENU President Kurilov hosted Prime Minister Putin during his visit.

On September 1, Igor Shuvalov, First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Andrey Fursenko, Minister of Science and Education of Russia and Elvira Nabiullina, Minister for Economic Development of the Russian Federation visited the FENU Institute of Law. During their conversation with FENU President Kurilov they confirmed the decision to construct the entire federal university as one project with integrated activities on its Phases.


Prime Minister Putin designated Igor Shuvalov, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation, as supervisor for the APEC Summit and university campus construction.


September 23 – 25, 2008


Ministry for Economic Development of the Russian Federation submitted construction documentation of planning of Saperny Peninsula of Russian Island (the federal university campus location) to the Ministry of Science and Education of Russia for approval. After its approval on October 1, 2008 construction documentation with the draft of the resolution of Russian Government attached were submitted to Prime Minister Putin for confirmation.


October 17, 2008


The State Duma (Parliament) of the Russian Federation held a hearing for the Federal Universities Law draft (the complete name of this document is the Federal Law №87129 “Amendments to Legislative Documents of Russian Federation about Activities of Federal Universities.”)


December 2, 2008


FENU President Kurilov presented the final version of the FENU Strategic Development Program as a Federal University and additional proposals related to this project to the National Project “Education” Interdepartmental Working Group. The Program and the proposals were approved.


December 24, 2008

The State Duma (Parliament) of the Russian Federation held a hearing and adopted at second reading (“for” – 324) the Federal Universities Law draft.


January 14, 2009

The State Duma (Parliament) of the Russian Federation adopted at third reading the Federal Universities Law. This Law provides legislative support for systematic modernization of higher education through integration of science, education and manufacturing to complete strategic tasks of innovative development of economy and strategic industries. According to this Law, federal universities will become a part of Russian higher education system as a special category of higher education institutions, established only by Presidential Edicts. Federal universities will have extended rights in developing their curricula, which may considerably differ from federal standards. Rectors of federal universities will be appointed by the Government for the term of 5 years, provision is made for the positions of university president and boards of trustees.



January 28, 2009

The Federation Council of the Russian Federation approved the Federal Universities Law.

February 10, 2009

Dmitry Medvedev, President of Russia, signed the Federal Universities Law.

February 14, 2009

First Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation Igor Shuvalov, Presidential Aide Arkady Dvorkovich, FENU President Vladimir Kurilov and other key participants of the federal university development project held joint meetings in Vladivostok, including the campus construction site. It was decided to speed up the construction works.


April 2009

Construction of the federal university campus started; the plan is to complete the foundations of all Phase 1 buildings (capacity for 10,000 students) by December 2009.


May 20, 2009

At a meeting of the National Project “Education” Interdepartmental Working Group, FENU President Vladimir Kurilov presented a report on the federal university development progress and budget proposals for the 2009, including allocation of considerable FENU matching funds for this project. This report was approved by the participants of the project.


September 2009

All construction works at the Russian Island Campus site go according to schedule. Foundations of most Phase 1 buildings are almost completed, as well as the foundation of the University Bridge, connecting the campus with Vladivostok mainland. Over 5,000 workers are engaged in the construction; by Summer 2010 their number will be increased to 14,000.



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